Core Learning Outcomes: Describe at least two common types of circuit simulators and contrast the advantages and applications of each. Interpret issues associated with interfacing digital computer systems with an analog world, including the use of standard data conversion circuits. Summarize the role of standards in compatibility, interconnection, and safety of systems. Articulate the purpose of buses and other interconnection and communication networks. Illustrate the role of constraints, parameters, and tradeoffs in electronic circuit design.